Balance Diet plan

 Balance Diet Essay

п»їContents

INTRODUCTION3

BALANCED DIET4

FOOD GROUPS5

CARBOHYDRATES5

MAIN SOURCES5

FUNCTIONS5

ENERGY SUPPLY5

PROTEINS6

PRIMARY SOURCES6

DIETARY IMPORTANCE (FUNCTIONS)6

ENERGY SUPPLY6

LIPIDS7

PRIMARY SOURCES7

NUTRITIONAL IMPORTANCE (FUNCTIONS)7

ENERGY SUPPLY7

VITAMINS8

MINERALS9

WATER10

FUNCTIONS10

DIETARY FIBER /ROUGHAGE11

FUNCTIONS11

COMPLICATIONS OF AN OUT OF BALANCE DIET12

MALNUTRITION12

EFFECTS OF MALNUTRITION12

CONSTIPATION13

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE13

OBESITY14

STARVATION15

Poverty15

Over population15

Drought15

STUDY WORK16

MAMEE NOODLES16

OREO16

MR SPUD CHIPS16

MILO17

COAST DAIRY POWDER17

CONCLUSION20

REFERENCES20

LAUNCH

This job is based on well balanced diet. This kind of project is going to benefit students in understanding the idea of a balanced diet. After completing the project the student should be able to: Describe why diet, especially strength intake, should be related to age, sex, and activity of an individual. List the main sources of, and describe the dietary importance of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamin supplements (C and D only), mineral salts (calcium and iron only), fiber (roughage) and water Name the diseases and describe the symptoms resulting from deficiencies of vitamin C (scurvy), vitamin D (rickets), nutrient salts calcium supplement (rickets), flat iron (aneamia). Condition the effects of malnutrition in relation to starvation, heart diseases, constipation and obesity.

BALANCED DIET

A diet plan which includes all the simple classes of food in the correct sum and proportion is called a balanced diet. A well-balanced diet for just about any individual person depends on their age, sex and life style, activity. Age: Infants and young children have principal metabolic rate and require even more energy to get growth. So they require even more carbohydrates intended for energy, enough protein for their growth and sufficient calcium mineral for the proper development of bone fragments and pearly whites. Sex: Females need less energy than men. The standard mass of a woman is definitely smaller than person and mankind has less fat in the body. The basal metabolic process of man is greater than woman. If a man and a woman are involved in similar activities, the person will therefore require more energy by his diet. So a person needs to consist of enough sugars in their diet plan. A pregnant woman requires more iron salts to get the formation of haemoglobin in red blood cells satisfactory amount of calcium pertaining to the growth of baby's bone tissues, and more protein for the formation of infant's cells. A pregnant girl has a larger basal metabolic process than a nonpregnant woman. Thus they require more carbohydrates. Activity: If a lots of work will be done, more energy is necessary. The energy requirement of a manual worker is usually higher when compared to an office worker with a stationary job. Thus a heavy worker requires enough carbohydrates intended for energy and protein to build up muscles. MEALS GROUPS

CARBOHYDRATES

Carbohydrates are made up of substance elements carbon dioxide (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O). The ratio of hydrogen atoms to oxygen atoms in a carbohydrate molecule is actually 2: 1 ) Carbohydrates will be the cheapest and the most readily available source of power. Carbohydrates may be divided into 3 classes:

1 . Monosaccharides: basic carbohydrates which can be sweet, soluble in normal water and can be made into crystals. They have simple sugars with the formulation C6H12O6. Types of monosaccharides are glucose and fructose. 2 . Disaccharids: dual sugars which are sweet, soluble and can be changed to crystals while using formula C12H22O11. Examples of disaccharides include sucrose (cane sugar), lactose (milk sugar) and maltose (malt sugar of barley). A disaccharide is manufactured by the combination of two monosaccharides with the eradication of one molecule of water.

Polysaccharides: aren't sweet, certainly not soluble and cannot be changed to crystals. Polysaccharides are multiple sugars with all the formula (C6H10O5) n. It is formed by combination of many monosaccharides reducing many elements of normal water. E. g....

References: http://www.shiuedu.com

http://www.wikipedia.com

http://www.who.int

http://www.healthline.com


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